Home / Trending / Spain braced for verdict in Catalan separatists’ trial

Spain braced for verdict in Catalan separatists’ trial

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Media captionCatalonia independence protesters: ‘We really feel like we’re all being attempted’

Spain’s Superb Court docket is anticipated to factor a verdict within the trial of Catalan separatist leaders over their position in an independence referendum in 2017.

Spain has deployed extra police in Catalonia, amid fears responsible ruling may spark extra protests within the rich north-eastern area.

The 12 politicians and activists face fees starting from rise up to sedition and misuse of public budget.

All of them deny the costs. 9 of them may face prison sentences.

Separatists in Catalonia are making plans mass civil disobedience if they don’t seem to be acquitted.

There have been clashes between police and protesters two years in the past, when Catalonia’s pro-independence leaders went forward with a referendum dominated unlawful by means of Spain’s constitutional courtroom.

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AFP/Getty Photographs

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Other folks in Barcelona were staging protest rallies in improve of the 12 Catalan leaders

All through final arguments in June, defence legal professionals instructed the courtroom their purchasers denied the costs of rise up and sedition, however admitted to the lesser rate of disobedience, which will have observed them banned from public place of business – however steer clear of jail.

Whilst the courtroom is alleged to have dominated out convicting the 12 of essentially the most critical rate of rise up, the potential of jail phrases stays. The lesser rate of sedition, which doesn’t contain encouraging violence, can nonetheless lead to as much as 12 years in prison.

Who’re the 12 Catalan leaders?

Some held outstanding positions in Catalonia’s govt and parliament, others have been influential activists and cultural advocates.

Following 4 months of hearings, the 12 defendants have been each and every given 15 mins to provide their arguments to prosecutors at the ultimate day of the trial on 12 June.

They instructed the courtroom in Madrid that they have been sufferers of an injustice in a tribulation constructed on “false” fees.

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Getty Photographs

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The 12 defendants pictured within the courtroom in Madrid at the ultimate day in their trial

  • Oriol Junqueras, former vice-president of Catalonia and highest-ranking pro-independence chief on trial: “Vote casting and protecting the republic from a parliament can’t be a criminal offense.”
  • Jordi Cuixart, president of Catalan language and tradition organisation Òmnium Cultural: “What we did on 1 October [holding the 2017 referendum] used to be an workout of collective dignity.”
  • Carme Forcadell, ex-speaker of the Catalan parliament: “I did not participate in any technique, I limited myself to pleasant my tasks as parliament speaker.”
  • Jordi Turull, former Catalan govt spokesman: “We were not taking a look to contain other folks [in the bid for independence], that already existed, and so a political answer needed to be equipped.”
  • Joaquim Forn, former Catalan inner minister: “I defended the referendum as a political candidate, however instructed Catalan police to practice courtroom orders.”
  • Jordi Sànchez, activist and ex-president of the Catalan Nationwide Meeting: “I’m the sufferer of an injustice – there aren’t any concepts or ideas that are meant to be silenced.”
  • Raül Romeva, former exterior family members minister: “There is not any world treaty prohibiting the proper to self-determination. Now not even the Spanish Charter.”
  • Dolors Bassa, ex-labour minister: “It used to be all the time transparent to us that if numerous other folks became out to vote, it will assist us when negotiating [with Madrid]… independence used to be all the time observed as one thing to be agreed.”
  • Josep Rull, former territorial minister: “Other folks vote and it is just right that events ship… our manifesto used to be no longer challenged in courtroom.”
  • Carles Mundó, former justice minister: “The vote used to be no longer paid for with public budget, I noticed [it] as a political protest.”
  • Meritxell Borràs, former governance minister: “[The vote was] a political expression [that] held no felony penalties.”
  • Santi Vila, former trade minister: “I noticed the referendum as a political protest.”

9 of the defendants have already spent months in pre-trial detention. The rest 3 have been launched on bail.

Carles Puigdemont, the previous Catalan president, escaped trial after fleeing Spain in past due October 2017 ahead of he might be arrested, along side 4 others.

What have been the accusations?

Prosecutors argued that the unilateral declaration of independence used to be an assault at the Spanish state and accused a few of the ones concerned of a major act of rise up.

Media playback is unsupported in your tool

Media captionCatalonia: Combating for various futures

Defendants additionally confronted the accusation of misuse of public budget in establishing the 2017 referendum.

Prosecutors say the leaders performed a “completely deliberate technique… to wreck the constitutional order and acquire the independence of Catalonia” illegally.

Ms Forcadell, the previous parliament speaker who learn out the independence outcome on 27 October 2017, used to be additionally accused of permitting parliamentary debates on independence regardless of warnings from Spain’s Constitutional Court docket.

One of the accused, chatting with the BBC forward of the trial, mentioned the lawsuits have been political in nature. Any violence, they mentioned, used to be at the a part of police and used to be dedicated towards citizens in a crackdown which made headlines world wide.

3 weeks after the banned 2017 vote, the Catalan parliament declared an unbiased republic.

Madrid stepped in to impose its rule at the area, and a number of other Catalan leaders fled or have been arrested.

What’s in the back of the Catalonia controversy?

Catalan nationalists have lengthy complained that their area, which has a definite historical past courting again nearly 1,000 years, sends an excessive amount of cash to poorer portions of Spain, as taxes are managed by means of Madrid.

Media playback is unsupported in your tool

Media captionCatalan nationwide day march attracts smaller crowd

The rich area is house to about 7.five million other folks, with their very own language, parliament, flag and anthem.

In September, a march in Barcelona in improve of Catalonia’s independence from Spain drew crowds of about 600,000 other folks – one of the most lowest turnouts within the eight-year historical past of the once a year rally.

Media playback is unsupported in your tool

Media captionCatalonia independence protesters: ‘We really feel like we’re all being attempted’

Spain’s Superb Court docket is anticipated to factor a verdict within the trial of Catalan separatist leaders over their position in an independence referendum in 2017.

Spain has deployed extra police in Catalonia, amid fears responsible ruling may spark extra protests within the rich north-eastern area.

The 12 politicians and activists face fees starting from rise up to sedition and misuse of public budget.

All of them deny the costs. 9 of them may face prison sentences.

Separatists in Catalonia are making plans mass civil disobedience if they don’t seem to be acquitted.

There have been clashes between police and protesters two years in the past, when Catalonia’s pro-independence leaders went forward with a referendum dominated unlawful by means of Spain’s constitutional courtroom.

Symbol copyright
AFP/Getty Photographs

Symbol caption

Other folks in Barcelona were staging protest rallies in improve of the 12 Catalan leaders

All through final arguments in June, defence legal professionals instructed the courtroom their purchasers denied the costs of rise up and sedition, however admitted to the lesser rate of disobedience, which will have observed them banned from public place of business – however steer clear of jail.

Whilst the courtroom is alleged to have dominated out convicting the 12 of essentially the most critical rate of rise up, the potential of jail phrases stays. The lesser rate of sedition, which doesn’t contain encouraging violence, can nonetheless lead to as much as 12 years in prison.

Who’re the 12 Catalan leaders?

Some held outstanding positions in Catalonia’s govt and parliament, others have been influential activists and cultural advocates.

Following 4 months of hearings, the 12 defendants have been each and every given 15 mins to provide their arguments to prosecutors at the ultimate day of the trial on 12 June.

They instructed the courtroom in Madrid that they have been sufferers of an injustice in a tribulation constructed on “false” fees.

Symbol copyright
Getty Photographs

Symbol caption

The 12 defendants pictured within the courtroom in Madrid at the ultimate day in their trial

  • Oriol Junqueras, former vice-president of Catalonia and highest-ranking pro-independence chief on trial: “Vote casting and protecting the republic from a parliament can’t be a criminal offense.”
  • Jordi Cuixart, president of Catalan language and tradition organisation Òmnium Cultural: “What we did on 1 October [holding the 2017 referendum] used to be an workout of collective dignity.”
  • Carme Forcadell, ex-speaker of the Catalan parliament: “I did not participate in any technique, I limited myself to pleasant my tasks as parliament speaker.”
  • Jordi Turull, former Catalan govt spokesman: “We were not taking a look to contain other folks [in the bid for independence], that already existed, and so a political answer needed to be equipped.”
  • Joaquim Forn, former Catalan inner minister: “I defended the referendum as a political candidate, however instructed Catalan police to practice courtroom orders.”
  • Jordi Sànchez, activist and ex-president of the Catalan Nationwide Meeting: “I’m the sufferer of an injustice – there aren’t any concepts or ideas that are meant to be silenced.”
  • Raül Romeva, former exterior family members minister: “There is not any world treaty prohibiting the proper to self-determination. Now not even the Spanish Charter.”
  • Dolors Bassa, ex-labour minister: “It used to be all the time transparent to us that if numerous other folks became out to vote, it will assist us when negotiating [with Madrid]… independence used to be all the time observed as one thing to be agreed.”
  • Josep Rull, former territorial minister: “Other folks vote and it is just right that events ship… our manifesto used to be no longer challenged in courtroom.”
  • Carles Mundó, former justice minister: “The vote used to be no longer paid for with public budget, I noticed [it] as a political protest.”
  • Meritxell Borràs, former governance minister: “[The vote was] a political expression [that] held no felony penalties.”
  • Santi Vila, former trade minister: “I noticed the referendum as a political protest.”

9 of the defendants have already spent months in pre-trial detention. The rest 3 have been launched on bail.

Carles Puigdemont, the previous Catalan president, escaped trial after fleeing Spain in past due October 2017 ahead of he might be arrested, along side 4 others.

What have been the accusations?

Prosecutors argued that the unilateral declaration of independence used to be an assault at the Spanish state and accused a few of the ones concerned of a major act of rise up.

Media playback is unsupported in your tool

Media captionCatalonia: Combating for various futures

Defendants additionally confronted the accusation of misuse of public budget in establishing the 2017 referendum.

Prosecutors say the leaders performed a “completely deliberate technique… to wreck the constitutional order and acquire the independence of Catalonia” illegally.

Ms Forcadell, the previous parliament speaker who learn out the independence outcome on 27 October 2017, used to be additionally accused of permitting parliamentary debates on independence regardless of warnings from Spain’s Constitutional Court docket.

One of the accused, chatting with the BBC forward of the trial, mentioned the lawsuits have been political in nature. Any violence, they mentioned, used to be at the a part of police and used to be dedicated towards citizens in a crackdown which made headlines world wide.

3 weeks after the banned 2017 vote, the Catalan parliament declared an unbiased republic.

Madrid stepped in to impose its rule at the area, and a number of other Catalan leaders fled or have been arrested.

What’s in the back of the Catalonia controversy?

Catalan nationalists have lengthy complained that their area, which has a definite historical past courting again nearly 1,000 years, sends an excessive amount of cash to poorer portions of Spain, as taxes are managed by means of Madrid.

Media playback is unsupported in your tool

Media captionCatalan nationwide day march attracts smaller crowd

The rich area is house to about 7.five million other folks, with their very own language, parliament, flag and anthem.

In September, a march in Barcelona in improve of Catalonia’s independence from Spain drew crowds of about 600,000 other folks – one of the most lowest turnouts within the eight-year historical past of the once a year rally.

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